Chrousos George

George P. Chrousos, MD, FAAP, MACP, MACE, MD(Hon)

Former Director of the First Pediatric Clinic at the Medical School of the University of Athens,
Since 2010 he has been the UNESCO Headquarters in Adolescent Health and Medicine
(UNESCO Chair on Adolescent Health Care)

Contact details

Email:
george.chrousos@hellenicbalintsociety.gr

Curriculum vitae

George P. Chrousos, MD, ScD, is Professor of Pediatrics and Endocrinology, Director of the Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism of the Biomedical Research Foundation of the Academy of Athens and former chairman of the First Department of Pediatrics at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens, Greece. Formerly he served as Chief of the Pediatric and Reproductive Endocrinology Branch of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland. He currently holds the UNESCO Chair on Adolescent Health Care at the University of Athens, while he held the 2011 John Kluge Distinguished Chair in Technology and Society at the US Library of Congress.

Dr. Chrousos’ research program has focused on the Biology and Medicine of Stress, the Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) Axis, and its end-hormones, glucocorticoids, regarding their involvement in and effects on human physiology and disease. He worked on adaptations to changes in exogenous/endogenous states and conditions, which represent perhaps the most central feature of life, and the neuroendocrine stress system, which is pivotal to this process, examining its key roles in endocrine, behavioural and physical/energetic adaptations. He also made major contributions to understanding glucocorticoid actions and their effects on the genome and epigenome. Dr. Chrousos’s studies have revolutionized the fieId of stress, the way we study, diagnose and treat disorders of the HPA axis, and our understanding of major stress-related pathologic conditions, including the high impact and cost chronic noncommunicable diseases. He also has elucidated many aspects of the intensive molecular dialogue between glucocorticoids and other major cell signalling systems. He has performed biomedical research from the basic molecular/cellular level all the way to the diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases. His work has opened new horizons in our understanding of a spectrum of human complex disorders related to stress, including melancholic, atypical, seasonal and postpartum depression, the post-traumatic stress disorder, the eating disorders, the very prevalent obesity/osteosarcopenia/metabolic syndrome, the psychosomatic diseases, the sleep disorders, such as insomnia and sleep apnoea, and the inflammatory/autoimmune and allergic diseases. His contributions in Endocrinology span and influence a range of medical disciplines, including Pediatrics, Internal Medicine, Psychiatry, Psychology, Rheumatology, Allergy, Sleep Medicine, Psychosomatic Medicine, Reproduction, Surgery, and Oncology.

Dr. Chrousos has authored or co-authored over 800 original scientific papers and over 600 journal reviews and book chapters. In terms of his current bibliometrics (Google Scholar, September 2018), his H-index is >180 and his work has been cited in >135,000 scientific articles. He is one of the 100 most cited scientists internationally (ISI highly cited), included in the lists of Clinical Medicine and Biology and Biochemistry, and the highest cited clinical pediatrician or endocrinologist in the world.

Dr. Chrousos has received numerous national and international awards and has given many named lectures in the USA, Europe, Latin America and Japan. His awards include the 1987 Richard E. Weitzman Memorial Award of the US Endocrine Society, the 1992   Superior Service Award of the U.S. Public Health Service, the 1997 Clinical Investigator Award of the US Endocrine Society, the 1997 Hans Selye Award of the Hans Selye Foundation, Montreal, Canada, the 1999 Pharmacia-Upjohn International First Prize for Excellence in Published Clinical Research of the US Endocrine Society, the 1999 Novera Herbert Spector Award of the International Society for Neuroimmunomodulation, Lugano, Switzerland,  the 2000 Henning Andersen Prize, of the European Society for Pediatric Endocrinology, Brussels, Belgium, the 2002 Sir Edward Sharpey-Schafer Medal of the British Endocrine Societies, the 2004  Lifetime Achievement Award of the International Society for Psycho-Neuro-Endocrinology, Glasgow, UK, the  2007 Henning Andersen Prize of the European Society for Pediatric Endocrinology,  Helsinki, Finland, and the 2008 Geoffrey Harris Prize in Neuroendocrinology of the European Society of Endocrinology, Berlin, Germany. Among others, he is a Doctor Honoris Causa of the University of Liege, Liege, Belgium (2003), Universita Politechnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy (2006) and University of Patras, Patras, Greece (2011). He is an honorary professor of the University of Warwick, Coventry, UK., St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, St. Petersburg, Russia and Xi’an Medical University, Xi’an, China. Ηe was honored with the 2011 Aristeion Bodossaki Award, the highest distinction for accomplishment in the Sciences in Greece. In 2012, he received the Albert Struyvenberg Medal of the European Society of Clinical Investigation (ESCI). He is a distinguished visiting scientist at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD, NIH, Bethesda MD, USA. He served as President of ESCI from 2008 to 2011. In 2014, he received the highest honor of the US Endocrine Society, the Fred Conrad Koch Award. In 2015, he was awarded the first George Papanicolaou Award of the University of Athens. In 2018, he delivered the Litchfield Lecture at the University of Oxford.

Dr. Chrousos was inducted as a Master of both the American College of Endocrinology and the American College of Physicians and a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians. He is an elected member of the American Society for Clinical Research, the Association of American Physicians, the US National Academy of Medicine, and the Academia Europaea.

At the NIH, Dr. Chrousos run one of the leading pediatric endocrine training programs in the world and fostered the careers of over 60 distinguished, award-winning, world-class physician-scientists and basic scientists. Throughout his tenure, he collaborated closely with the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), and performed pioneering work in the psychoneuroendocrinology of psychiatric disorders. After a distinguished career in the Intramural Program of the NIH, where he made seminal original contributions and trained a generation of international leaders in Pediatric, Adult and Reproductive Endocrinology and Psychoneuroendocrinology, Dr. Chrousos returned to Greece and assumed leadership roles in Greek and European Medicine and Academia.

In Greece, Dr. Chrousos currently directs the oldest, largest and most prestigious Department of Pediatrics in the country and has had major impact on the way Pediatrics and Medicine are practiced. For instance, he developed new national growth curves, initiated a national campaign against childhood obesity, chaired the National Council on Breast Feeding, developed an administrative mechanism for certifying baby-friendly hospitals, started a national campaign for breast feeding (UNICEF Award 2011), initiated a longitudinal study of children conceived by assisted reproductive technologies and discovered significant epigenetic effects of these procedures on childhood cardiometabolic health (Academy of Athens Award 2011), established two graduate programs in “Pediatric and Nursing Research”, and in the “Science of Stress and Health Promotion”, established the first Adolescent Medicine Program in the country and helped with the founding of a new biomedical research institute (Biomedical Research Foundation of the Academy of Athens). In 2010, the prototypic Adolescent Medicine Program that he established at the University of Athens was recognized as the unique UNESCO Chair in Adolescent Health Care. He served as vice-President of the Greek National Council of Research and Technology. He founded the Hellenic College of Pediatrics, the Hellenic Society of Developmental and Behavioural Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, The Institute of Stress Biology and Medicine, and the NGO “Health for All” for the support of vulnerable populations in Greece.

Dr. Chrousos has an encompassing global outlook. He is intimately familiar with the strengths and weaknesses of both European and US biomedical science.  He has an unwavering commitment to promote and nurture the international leadership and excellence of research in Medicine and Biology.

Contact

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